Institutionalization and behavior Shaping for Discourse on just Peace in the world

First of all, I would like to express my thanks to those participating in the webinar of The International Conference on Alliance for Peace and Justice. Also my thanks are due to the organizers and officials of the webinar, in particular to Dr. Ameri the secretary general of the Islamic World Peace Forum, who are doing their best to reflect viewpoints and speeches in domestic and international arenas.
The International Conference on Alliance for Peace and Justice has introduced various themes from among which I would like to present, in a few minutes, my viewpoints on implementation, institutionalization and behavior shaping for discourse on just peace in the world.
As for implementation of the culture of just peace in the world, we should apparently begin with clarification of the culture of peace, for which we need practical strategies. It is important to find out what approach the elite, thinkers and officials in judicial, legislative and executive bodies in world countries do follow towards just peace and what values and themes they have put on their axiological agenda to meet just peace in domestic and international levels. 
I would like to point to a historical development and take a glance at the so-called 30-year wars that took place between 1618 and 1648. After these wars, humans showed a negative approach to war, denouncing power struggles of the emperors. Humanity was after a common good then. It was nothing but creating a world with just peace, where dictatorship, totalitarianism, power struggles, and profiteering by certain groups were expected to be minimized. In such environment, concepts like wisdom, reason and law should be mixed with peace to give birth to just peace. With the juxtaposition of peace and law, international institutions, organizations and tribunals came to being. However, the result – since a few centuries ago – is still a negative approach to peace, i.e. negative peace, meaning lack of war. People across the globe, particularly in the United States, still chant “No peace, no justice”. This shows that there will be no justice without peace. Therefore, the old concept of negative peace, meaning just lack of war, has been replaced today with positive peace which believes that, in addition to lack of war, there should be such concepts as constructiveness and justness in establishing peace. Unlike negative peace, positive peace is a dynamic, non-static and purposeful attitude. It exists any moment in the world. Therefore, establishing justice is a prerequisite for realizing just peace and positive peace in the world. For meeting agreeable dynamic peace for all nations, justice should be served and all wars and conflicts in domestic and international levels should be attributed to injustice in some way. This means any intervention and any tension in domestic and international arenas can be an introduction to war or violence. Just peace needs a drastic change in world outlook and the attitudes of the people in power toward peace. Education, promoting the culture of just peace and skills for dialog, mediation, and moderation as well as the way individuals and nations could compromise and tolerate one another could help realization of such a big change in attitudes. The hegemonic, authoritarian, profiteering and discriminating structures cause poverty and deprivation only, so they should be substituted with such active structures as development for all, honoring cultural diversity, respecting the rights of all people without violence and with good social behavior in regional and international levels. These shall not be met unless by promoting just peace, establishing strong sanctions and monitoring procedures.
Therefore, we must activate conflict resolving mechanisms. In the meantime, boosting the culture of non-violent discourse enriched with logic and rules for respecting the culture and traditions of any region are of paramount importance. One of the key points toward that goal is participation of people and nations in decision-making process and in resolving regional and international crises which can be an effectual procedure in implementation of just peace. Therefore, education, establishment and promotion of conflict resolving institutions as well as behaviors practically leading to just peace are vital. I hope we could take positive steps through Islamic World Peace Forum toward establishing just peace in the world.

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