The problem that destructs environment also destructs humanity and we call it an environmental problem.
First of all let’s review the main environmental problems of the modern world that in generally include:
- Destruction of plant and animal species.
- Depletion of mineral resources.
- Problems of oceans.
- Air pollution.
- Depletion of the ozone layer.
- Earth pollution and disfiguration of natural landscapes.
- The capture of agricultural land by cities.
- Acid rain and others.
Environmental pollution is probably the most main problem of our time, because anthropogenic activity affects all earth sides: atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere.
A human is the main reason of current environmental situation, and at the same time, a human is main victim: according to some reports, about 40% of people die from pollution of water resources, air and soil cover in the world.
Several methods and solutions are proposed in order to solve such problems. Without emphasizing of them, we dare to offer more universal and deep approach for solving the problem.
It's not a coincidence that we noted above the main environmental problems of our time. A quick review of this list is quite enough to see a common treat; all of the problems are the result of human activity, and do not have an objective essence.
How did it happen that a human so thoughtlessly and wastefully behave outrageously related to environment, and, in fact, launches a self-destruction program?
How is it happen that, in spite of all urges and alarm from environmentalists around the world, despite all meetings and conferences, the global environmental situation continues to deteriorate every day?
The answer, as we think, lies in the current system of approaches. This approach is characterized by following points:
1) A human, as the creation of God, must responsibly treat other creatures of the Creator. As you know, as a creation, a person builds relationships in a four-vector system:
a) the relationship of human with God;
b) the relationship of human with himself;
c) the relationship of human with other people;
d) the relationship of human with other creatures.
2) A human, who came to this world temporarily and leaves descendants after himself, must achieve maximum preservation of the environment and transfer it in a normal state to subsequent generations.
3) A human, as a creature, endowed with the function of ‘taklif’ (bearing responsibilities and responsible for his activities), must remember responsibility for ‘israf’ (wasteful and thoughtless waste of material wealth).
4) A human, being endowed with creative ‘fitrat’ (essence), should shun any irrational and destructive actions that contradict the basic logic of his nature.
Let’s briefly touch above points.
The four-vector system of human relations unequivocally excludes any action or inaction that could cause environment damage.
First of all, relations with Almighty Allah exclude a situation, when human would harm the created blessings, because, in essence, it is disobedience to God.
Secondly, a relationship of human with himself determines the creation of the safest conditions for life. Looking from this prism, any harm to nature definitely means a deterioration of living conditions for human.
The second point logically determinate the third point - a human cannot harm nature, because he is responsible to other people for the deterioration of their living space.
And, finally, simple responsibility to the animal world, plant world, to the phenomenon of nature determines the responsible attitude of a human to animate and inanimate nature.
Also, this postulate applies to the responsibility of human to descendants. Concern for descendants is inherent in human nature, and, by deteriorating of environment, a person thereby harms the environment of his own children.
The carrying of ‘taklif’ function by human, transfers the question to another spatially-temporal system. He/she understands that this world is the place, where he takes the exam, and in order to receive the Divine destiny in the eternal world, a human must act in accordance with a certain rules. And, of course, respect for nature is an integral part of these rules.
And finally, the category of ‘fitrat’ in the analysis of the "human – nature" system also convincingly consolidates the provision on environmental protection. And because human is the crown of creation, he carries a special mission - the rational and creative activity in regard of environmental protection process.
So, human must find his true self, in order to solve global environmental problems...
Humanity must take the environmental process out of the dictates of transnational corporations. Indeed the desire to maximize benefits stands on the way of solving global environmental problems. In the event of a conflict of interests between economic benefits and environmental damage, global forces generally choose material benefits. And, all attempts of enthusiasts, representatives of NGO’s to draw the attention of the world community to the deplorable state of nature problem and to achieve effective measures to prevent further harm to environment are prevented by powerful financial and manufacturing structures. It is no coincidence that the Trump administration, as one of the first initiatives, withdrew from the Paris Agreement.
I think the solution of the problem lies in the cohesive, systematic and consistent activity of activists and volunteers of environmental movement. If it is possible to consolidate this huge force and draw up a clear program of action, it will be possible to gradually unleash the Gordian knot of environmental problems.
The Earth is home for all of us. And, definitely, no one can be indifferent in this matter.
Ilgar Ibrahimoglu Allahverdiyev
Haji Ilgar Ibrahimoglu is the imam of “Juma” mosque in Icheri-sheher, the chairman of DEVAMM Center for Protection of Conscience and Persuasion Freedom, President of the International Religious Liberty Association and a scholar at the Islamic World Peace Forum.